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Philosophy - Freedom From Worldly Pain, (M. M.Kaushal) - Part 3

Philosophy - Freedom From Worldly Pain, (M. M.Kaushal) - Part 3

6.  Vasnamaatrasukham Vishaye
The pleasure that we derive from the use of "Vishaya (Objects)" depends upon our ‘Vaasnaa (Longings)’ for them. The more we, under the control of our senses and mind, convince ourselves that we cannot do without a certain "Vishaya (Object)," the more we enjoy its use.

All the ‘Vishaya (Objects)’ were introduced to our senses from time to time after birth. We lived without so many modern contraptions in the earlier centuries, but today we cannot pass even a moment without those. Imagine the shout of joy when the supply of electricity or the telecast of a program is restored after a short outage / break. The modern humans in big cities cannot think of life without electricity / TV etc. while there still are people living without it. Incidentally, those without electicity may be finding themselves happier than many of us slaves of modern amenities. That the aboriginals living in the forests detest the modern civilization is not a fiction.

We invite pain by binding ourselves to joy in the "Vishaya Bhog (Use Of Objects)". One who uses only what is essential, finds a lot surplus thus remaining free from longings and pain.

7.   Sukhaiva Dukh-Hetuh… Janamam cha Marnasya
The common subject of all these teachings is Attainment of Peace in one’s life. No ordinary human being tries to think that the real cause of pain is pleasure itself. What is pain after all? Loss of pleasure! If we have no experience of comfort, the feeling of pain is naturally absent.

To get pleasure we inflict pain on our body to acquire various objects. Later we take pains to protect those objects and again when those objects are lost, we are immersed in sharp pain. How happy all the relatives are, when a baby is born ! Even the mother who gives birth forgets all about the physical pain undergone. But, all of them forget the eternal relation of death with birth. One, who is born, must die. Here too, the pleasure hides a future pain behind itself.

Hence, the only method to destroy pain is to remember that feeling of pleasure is the real cause of pain and to turn away from pleasure.

To abolish pain we have to abolish pleasure first.

8.  Agyanam cha Hetuh Tayoh
The truth is that the only cause of pain or pleasure is our “Ignorance” – Ignorance of Reality. Because when our reasoning power does not know the reality, our decisions are bound to be defective.

Just as a man takes a rope to be a serpent in dark and fears it, the worldly people being ignorant of the reality of (or forgetting) the worldly happenings become comforted or pained. Death being eternal companion of birth, we should neither be happy on birth nor sad on death but becoming ignorant of the realities or forgetting the same the worldly creatures show their happiness and sorrow. The world is replete with countless such instances of pain and pleasure.

Under this ignorance a human being imagines various means of pleasure and as a bye-product continues to produce pain as well wherefrom his world ends in the form of a painful dream.

The only way, therefore, to get freedom from this trap is to know the reality and to remember the same, always. Only the knowledge of reality can save us from the duo : pleasure and pain.

9.   Aatma Gianena Shaantih
If "Ignorance (Agyana)" is the cause of both pleasure and pain, "Peace (Shaanti)" is possible only through removal of Ignorance. Why not plan to do away with Ignorance?

Just we need continuous light to keep darkness out, we need continuous knowledge to keep Ignorance out. If Ignorance keeps us away from reality, only knowledge can bring us to the realisation of the Real(Truth).

What is that reality? Why do we stray away from it? These questions have been repeated numberless times in various scriptures on “Indian Philosophy”. All the religions have answered them in the same way, yet, they seem to differ due to differences of language and expression. In Indian Philosophy many sages have tried to explain the reality as it suited them, and all of them have the same common thought, “All this movable or immovable creation is the manifestation of the same single power whom some call God, others call Nature and some others give some other names”

The “All Powerful” is the part and parcel of the creation. Knowledge of that infinite power is “Knowledge” and because every creature is made up of that power, “To know Self” is the real knowledge and that is the only path to peace (“Shanti”).

10.   Aatamaa Anirvachaneyaha
"Self Realisation" or "Know thyself" is not as easy to do as to say. For thousands of years the learned sages tried to define Aatamaa (Self) but the description was always found to be short of reality.

Whenever a ‘self knowing’ learned person tried to tell others about Self, it was like the description of sweet taste given by a dumb man. Self is not something to be grasped by the five senses of knowledge. To convey one's inner experiences to some other person is immensely as difficult as to make him feel your inner pain completely.

Many verbose descriptions and criticisms grew, but failed to make man understand the element of “Self (Aatmaa)” A layman kept calling his mind or wisdom or heart as Aatamaa. Someone called a son as his life and some other one gave this exalted seat to her husband; but they could not digest the super sentences (Mahaa Vaakyaa) “Tatwamsi” meaning “You are that” and "So-Aham" meaning “I am That” because it was difficult to understand “Twam” (You) and “Aham” (I). Do these words mean the bodies only? Then where is that “Tat” (That)?

Philosophy - Freedom From Worldly Pain, (M. M.Kaushal) - Part 4

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