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Philosophy - Freedom From Worldly Pain, (M. M.Kaushal) - Part 5

Philosophy - Freedom From Worldly Pain, (M. M.Kaushal) - Part 5

15.  Pratyekroope Mahachetanaayaah Vyashtih
In reality, every form is an insignificant part of that Super-conscious just like some quantity of water from the totality of water in the universe when placed in a vessel is also water. The same water is called a river in one place and a tank in another. The Super-conscious in various forms and expressions exhibits different qualities and shapes of the container just like water held in a vessel.

That Super-conscious takes over the qualities and forms of the containers and cannot be pure until and unless those worldly superimposed aspects are removed. This has been called Jeevaatamaa by the seers. Here again some of them insist that the Paramaatmaa coexists with Jeevaatamaa in every creation while the supporters of “Advaitvaad” call Jeevaatamaa as a part of Paramatamaa.

Just as water changes its forms , smell and taste due to pollution, the Jeevaatamaa too gets polluted and loses its original faculties due to worldly additives. The worldly pollution is “Agyaan” which if removed, the true Super-conscious can be recognized.

Is this possible? Our “Rishi” forefathers did not consider it to be impossible .

16.  Yogah Abhyaas Vairagyavhyaam EEshwar Pranidhaanaadvaa
Integeration of “Aatamaa” (Petty Conscious) with Paramatamaa “Super Conscious” was called Yoga and it was described in many ways. The above cited formula has been quoted from those given by the great sage Paatanjali. He has defined Yoga as control of mind’s various activities. He said nothing about integration of Jeevaatamaa with Paramatamaa and stressed the need for Practice (Abhyasa) because only this(Practice) could be within the reach of humans, if anything could be.

He formulated eight steps to the practice of Yoga which appear quite difficult to the ordinary humans. “Yama”, “Niyama”, “Asana”, “Pranayam”, “Pratyahaar”, “Dhaarnaa” , “Dhyaan”, and “Samadhi” are those eight steps. Normal worldly human beings may find even the first step “Yama” impossible for full achievement, because out of the five fold Yama i.e Ahimsaa (non violence), Satya (Truth), Asateya (Not Grabbing), Aparigraha (Not Hoarding) and Brahmacharya (Celibacy), not even a single one can be completely observed / followed in the modern world. After these, five fold Niyama i.e. Shauch (Complete cleanliness), Santosh(Contentment), Swadhyaaya (Self Study) Tapa (Tolerence) and Eshwarpranidhaana (devotion to God) too are not so easy. Beyond these “Aasan” (Physical Form) consists of regulated exercises to control the body which the modern people are using unregulated for physical exercise and treatment of diseases as they like. Further steps are still more difficult.

Yoga formulated by Paatanjali may be possible for some rare, beyond the world beings . Normal worldly person will have to find some other manner to bring his mind under control.

17.  Tyaagaachhaanti Nirantaram
The path of Salvation (Moksha) designed by Paatanjali is quite impracticable for ordinary men and thereafter other knowledgeable sages propounded various theories like Sankhya Gyan Marg, Karma Yoga, Hath Yoga etc. of which, after having explained to Arjuna in Bhagwatgeetaa, Lord Krishna made a comparison and declared that the best was "Renunciation of results of Actions (Karma Phal Tyaaga)"

Knowledge (Giaana) is better than Exercise / Action(Abhyaasa), and Meditation (Dhayaana) supercedes knowledge. Still better than Meditation is "Renunciation of results of Actions (Karma Phal Tyaaga)" which yields continuous peace.

He told that the Renunciation of Results of all fruits of Action leads to infinite peace. On the surface it may seem that we are directed to act, achieve the results and then forego them but the main rule here is "Renunciation (Tyaaga)" which tops everything. The path of Salvation (Moksha) from the world begins with Renunciation (Tyaaga) and ends there. Eeshaavaasyopnishad, too advises us to enjoy the world through Renunciation and Vedantsaar too detests the enjoyment of fruits of Action, inline with many others.

Act we must - even not acting is an action. The advice is that we have to act in the interest of the whole creation without any greed for benefits, with inspiration from the Almighty and not for the satisfaction of our Ego (Abhimaan). In this Renunciation is implied, i.e., the Renunciation of all longings, all joy in objects and of too much attachment (Aasakti). Only this kind of Renunciation can give un-ending peace.

Philosophy - Freedom From Worldly Pain, (M. M.Kaushal) - Part 6